California court grants Uber, Lyft reprieve to treat drivers as independent contractors
A United States appeals court has granted ride-hailing giants Uber and Lyft temporary reprieve to continue treating their drivers as independent contractors while an appeal works its way through the court.
Both companies had threatened to shut down if a ruling went into effect Friday morning that would have forced them to treat all their drivers as employees – a change they said would be impossible to accomplish overnight.
Lyft told riders and drivers in a Thursday blog post that it planned to discontinue providing rides in California just before midnight tonight, unless a court grants a stay in a pending case.
Uber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi had repeatedly said its service would have no choice but to stop providing rides in California if the state’s law goes into effect because the company can not afford to hire 50,000 drivers as employees quickly enough to comply.
The shutdown would have been a major blow to two companies that have yet to prove they can make money, even as they have held down their expenses by treating drivers as independent contractors who do not receive the same benefits as their full-time employees.
California represents a substantial chunk of both companies’ businesses.
It accounted for 9 percent of Uber’s worldwide rides before the pandemic caused people to avoid travelling. The state is even more important to Lyft, which does not operate outside of the US and Canada.
California accounted for 21 percent of Lyft’s rides before the pandemic, but that figure dropped to 16 percent during the April-June period as more people stayed at home and there were fewer places to go.
The unavailability of the two ride-hailing services also would have delivered another blow to the California economy by taking away the paycheques of Uber and Lyft drivers while also making it more difficult for people without cars to get around.
That is why the mayors of San Diego and San Jose, California – two of the three largest cities in the state – joined forces this week and urged the appeals court to block the law from going into effect.
“Being forced into a situation where shutting down service is the only viable option hurts everyone at a moment when we need to pull together to help more Californians make ends meet,” said San Diego Mayor Kevin Faulconer, a Republican, and San Jose Mayor Sam Liccardo, a Democrat.
Both companies had sought the stay of an August 10 court decision that ruled they must start treating their drivers as employees, not independent contractors, by Friday morning. Both appealed and sought a stay on the decision.
The companies are hoping to overturn the California law underlying the lower-court decision with a ballot initiative in the upcoming election.
Uber and Lyft are among the biggest contributors to a $110m effort to get the initiative, Proposition 22, passed to rescind the law. Lyft urged for passage of the initiative in its blog post.
At issue is a decision that could reshape the so-called gig economy as drivers, delivery workers and others who work for popular apps on an as-needed basis seek improved working conditions and benefits that many in the workforce enjoy.
Wedbush Securities analyst Daniel Ives predicted losing Uber and Lyft rides in California would cause such a high level of frustration among consumers that it would help get the initiative passed.
In his ruling against Uber and Lyft, San Francisco Superior Court Judge Ethan P Schulman ordered them to make the employment classification change for their California drivers, which would guarantee benefits like overtime, sick leave and expense reimbursement.
That ruling does not affect Uber’s growing Uber Eats food-delivery business, so regardless of what happens with the case, Uber will continue delivering food.
Schulman’s decision followed a new California law aimed at companies that employ gig workers. It says companies can only classify workers as contractors if they perform work outside the usual scope of their business.
California Attorney General Xavier Becerra and several city attorneys sued Uber and Lyft, saying they were violating that law.
The ride-hailing companies have argued that they are technology companies, not transportation companies, so drivers are not a core part of their business.
California officials say treating drivers as contractors harms more than just drivers, since the companies do not contribute to the state’s dwindling unemployment insurance fund on the drivers’ behalf.
SOURCE: AP NEWS AGENCY